What is it?
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a common, noncancerous condition that can affect more than half of men throughout their lifetime. It is typically not a dangerous condition but can have significant impact on lifestyle and comfort.
Why does it occur?
The prostate is a small gland located below the bladder (graphic of normal prostate and enlarged prostate).
Its function is to provide nutrient rich fluid for sperm. During urination, the urine must pass through the prostate and into the urethra to exit the body. Enlargement of the prostate is a benign process that occurs in many men as a part of aging. It can be affected by family history and hormonal levels (androgens/testosterone).
How do I know if I have it?
Symptoms typically develop over a period of time and many men may not notice the onset. Often men may simply learn to live with their urinary symptoms, e.g. waking frequently at night to urinate, without seeking help.
- Weak urinary stream
- Frequent urination
- Pushing to get the urine out
- Burning/pain with urination
- Blood in the urine
- Feeling of not emptying your bladder completely
- Sudden urge to urinate
- Urinary leakage
If you have any of the above symptoms, please make an appointment to see one of our highly trained physicians to discuss treatment options.
Please take time to fill out one of our prostate symptom score questionnaires. You may bring it with you to your visit.
How is it diagnosed?
Your physician or urologist will perform a comprehensive evaluation. This may include:
- prostate exam
- ultrasound evaluation of the prostate, bladder or kidneys
- cystoscopy-minimally invasive procedure to look into the prostate/bladder
- urodynamics-sophisticated evaluation of bladder and prostate function
How is it treated?
Enlargement of the prostate can be treated in a staged approach. In some men, avoidance of bladder irritants can reduce symptoms. Many men have significant improvement with daily oral medications. In addition, your physician can discuss with you the latest state of the art surgical procedures for prostatic enlargement if this becomes necessary.